German architect Peter Behrens (1868-1940 ) was a proponent of artist involvement in many area, and his design career was one of continuing simplifications, moving from a classical vocabulary to modern vocabulary that yet retained a classical basis.
In addition to designing buildings and interiors, he was an educator and an artist producing paintings and woodcuts. As artistic advisor to the giant German electric company AEG, he created not only architecture and interiors, but also graphic design and wide array of product designs.
Apprentices in Behrens Berlin office included three young men who would be largely responsible for the modern movement : Walter Gropius , Ludwig Mies ven Rohe , and Le Corbusie . Among Behrens works are the 1909 AEG Turbine Factory in Berlin (Fig. 21-6 ) , a no-nonsense utilitarian structure of brick and steel that still echoes the form and bearing of a classical temple , and the 1912 German Embassy in St.Petersburg, Russia , on which the young Mies worked.